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INTRODUCTION TO PETROLEUM REFINING PROCESSING

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This seminar program, outlined below, was designed to serve as an introduction to petroleum refining processing. The seminar focuses on the core refining processes of fluid catalytic cracking, alkylation, hydrotreating, hydrocracking, and catalytic reforming, although all major processes are covered in detail. The speakers will discuss feedstock properties, process chemistry, process variables, operating conditions, unit configuration, and refinery products. The interaction between yields, operating variables, and product variables will also be covered. In addition, the basic economics associated with petroleum refining and the impact of recent environmental regulations will be discussed. These program sessions will be presented by petroleum industry professionals who have extensive experience in all of the major processing areas in petroleum refining.

The program has been designed for personnel recently assigned to positions in the petroleum refining industry or for operations personnel with substantial hands-on experience. It is assumed that those in attendance have backgrounds in engineering and chemistry or have actual refinery operating experience. Interested parties who do not have technical or refinery backgrounds should consider attending our alternate program, "Basics of Petroleum Refining for Non-Technical Personnel."


PROGRAM OUTLINE

DAY 1

1. OVERVIEW OF THE PETROLEUM REFINERY

  • Refinery Classification, Organization & Process Flow
  • Introduction to Petroleum Chemistry
  • Crude Oil Composition and Properties

2. CRUDE OIL DISTILLATION FUNDAMENTALS

3. REFINERY PRODUCT SLATE

  • Composition of the Gasoline Pool
  • Gasoline and Distillate Properties
  • Gasoline Reformulation Options
  • Use of Renewable Fuels:
    Effects of Ethanol Blending
  • Lubricating Oils and Other Products

4. HYDROTREATING OF PETROLEUM

  • Hydrotreating Catalysts
  • Chemistry and Process Flow
  • Process Variables and Operating Conditions
  • Hydrotreated Product Yields and Properties
5. HYDROCRACKING OF PETROLEUM
  • Hydrocracking Catalysts, Chemistry & Process Flow
  • Process Variables and Operating Conditions
  • Hydrocracker Yields and Product Properties

DAY 2

6. ISOMERIZATION

  • Catalysts, Chemistry & Operating Conditions
  • Process Flow/Processing Options
  • Isomerization Yields and Product Properties

7. CATALYTIC REFORMING

  • Reforming Catalysts
  • Chemistry and Process Flow
  • Process Variables and Operating Conditions
  • Reformer Unit Configuration
  • Reduction of Aromatics and Benzene in Reformate

8. FLUID CATALYTIC CRACKING

  • Mass, Heat, and Pressure Balance
  • FCC Catalysts, Chemistry & Process Flow
  • FCC Process Variables/Operating Conditions
  • Cracking of Heavy Feedstocks

9. ALKYLATION

  • HF Alkylation Process
  • Sulfuric Acid Alkylation Process
  • Feedstock and Product Properties

DAY 3

10. AUXILIARY REFINERY PROCESSES

  • Sulfur Recovery Plant
  • Merox Treating Process
  • Amine Scrubbing Unit
  • Gas Recovery Plant
  • Fired Heaters/Heat Exchangers

11. HEAVY OIL PROCESSES

  • Delayed Coking
  • Visbreaking
  • Solvent Deasphalting
  • Ebullated Bed/Advanced Hydrotreating Technologies

12. PETROLEUM REFINING ECONOMICS

  • Refinery Operating Costs
  • Refinery Profit Margins
  • Conversion Unit Processing Costs
  • Relative Value of Crude Oil versus Products
  • Refining Process Capital Costs

13. PETROLEUM REFINING TRENDS

  • U.S. Refining Capacity
  • Refinery Operating Rates
  • Structure of the U.S. Industry
  • Environmental Issues Affecting Refineries

 

PROGRAM FACULTY

Robert J. Campagna is the Director of Technical Services and one of the principals of Refining Process Services. Bob was previously employed by Filtrol Corporation where he provided technical service and marketing support for FCC catalysts. He also spent 10 years with Gulf Oil Corporation where he made significant contributions in the areas of hydrotreating, catalytic reforming, and FCC technical service. Bob is currently a leading independent consultant in the field of fluid catalytic cracking. He holds B.S. and M.S. degrees in Chemical Engineering from the University of Pittsburgh.


Warren S. Letzsch is an independent consultant with an extensive FCC background. His prior employment was with Stone & Webster, Inc., a Shaw Group Company, where he was responsible for FCC/DCC technology and business development and with Refining Process Services where he was involved in licensing of the MagnaCat® Process. He was also Director of Worldwide Sales and Marketing for UOP/Katalistiks. He has had experience with Total Petroleum as Manager of Refining Technology and with Davison Chemical and Shell Chemical in research, marketing, and technical support of petroleum catalysts. Warren has authored numerous articles on refining technology and holds seven patents in the FCC area. He holds B.S. and M.S. degrees in Chemical Engineering from the Illinois Institute of Technology.

 

CALENDAR OF SEMINARS

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We also partner with Emerson to offer access to programs on process control automation & optimization.  Visit the Emerson website for the complete program catalog on these topics.