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Refining Process Services, Inc. provides technical training seminars in the field of petroleum refining, also called oil refining. The modern petroleum refinery has a series of core process units that create clean gasoline and low sulfur diesel fuel. The first oil refinery unit is crude oil desalting. The desalter removes salt, water and other contaminants from crude oil prior to distillation in an atmospheric tower. The fractions recovered from the atmospheric distillation tower include naphtha, kerosene, diesel and bottoms liquid called atmospheric resid. This material is fractionated via vacuum distillation into gas oil and vacuum resid.


Raw gasoline recovered from petroleum consists of light naphtha and heavy naphtha. Light naphtha is processed through an isomerization unit and heavy naphtha is processed in a catalytic reforming unit or reformer so that gasoline octane is improved. Kerosene is blended into jet fuel. Diesel fuel is treated in a hydrotreating unit or hydrotreater with catalyst and hydrogen to reduce sulfur level and improve quality. Gas oil is converted in fluid catalytic cracking and hydrocracking units or hydrocracker into gasoline and diesel. Light olefins from the fluid catalytic cracker are processed in either HF acid (hydrofluoric acid) or sulfuric acid alkylation units. Vacuum resid is processed in delayed coking units which convert heavy oil from crude into lighter products.


To learn more about this vital industry, Refining Process Services offers a series of technical training seminars. All programs are offered in the form of public seminars.   Most programs are also offered for in-house presentation at a client location.  Select theOn-Site Training tab for  more information.  A listing of core seminars is provided below. For further information click on the seminar title below:


The fluid catalytic cracking process is a very complex and demanding one.  This program, "Fluid Catalytic Cracking Process Technology," has been developed by Refining Process Services to provide an in-depth yet practical review of current FCC technology.  The speakers will cover topics ranging from the basic process principles through items of current interest such as diesel fuel maximization and methods of meeting fuel specifications.  The interactions between process variables such as feedstock quality, reaction conditions, and environmental constraints will be discussed.  A thorough understanding of these principles is required to optimize the performance of the fluid catalytic cracking unit.

Refining Process Services has assembled a very knowledgeable group of fluid catalytic cracking process experts to present this program.  The speakers are Mr. Bob Campagna of Refining Process Services, Mr. Jack Wilcox of Albemarle Corporation, and Mr. Warren Letzsch an independent consultant.  These individuals have extensive industry experience in their respective specialties which cover all aspects of fluid catalytic cracking process technology.

Program participants will have the opportunity to obtain a broad working knowledge of the fluid catalytic cracking process, to stay abreast of the constantly changing technology, and to interact with others currently working in this field.  Participants are invited to submit questions for discussion during the program.

This program is ideal for personnel involved in refinery process engineering, unit operations, catalyst sales, technical service and catalyst/process research and development.  Process engineers from design and construction companies as well as those who provide services to the petroleum refining industry should also find this program beneficial.




1. FCC Fundamentals

• FCC Flow Scheme

• Pressure Balance

• Process Fundamentals

2. FCC Chemistry and Heat Balance

• Basic Cracking Reactions

• Heat Balance

• How to Get Accurate Test Run Data 

3. FCC Variable Effects

• Operating Variable Interactions

• Feedstock Effects in FCC

• Methods of Increasing LCO Yields

• NOx / SOx Emissions and Reduction 


4. Process Equipment Overview

• FCCU Configurations

• Resid Cracking Processes

• Hardware Modifications

• Riser/Reactor/Fractionator Design Principles

• Recovery Side Operating Guidelines

• Reactor/Regenerator Troubleshooting

• Cyclone Operation

• Air Blower Operation

5. Cracking of Heavy Feedstocks and Resids

• Characterization of Heavy Feeds and Resids

• Effect of Heavy Oil Cracking on Product Yield and Product Quality

• Effect of Carbon and Metals

• Metals Passivation in FCC


6. Fluidization Fundamentals for FCC

• Basics of FCC Fluidization

• Flow in Standpipes

7. FCC Catalyst Technology

• Zeolite Cracking Catalysts

• Catalyst Composition and Selectivity Effects

8. FCC Catalyst Evaluation

• Analytical Characterization

• Performance Testing

• Impact of Properties on FCCU Operation

9. Advances In FCC Technology

• New Feed Nozzle Designs

• Advanced Riser Termination Devices

• Improved Stripper Technologies



Robert J. Campagna is the Director of Technical Services and one of the principals of Refining Process Services.  He is currently involved in refining industry technical service, and training program presentations for the company.  Bob was previously employed by Filtrol Corporation where he provided technical and marketing support for Filtrol's fluid catalytic cracking catalysts.  He also spent 10 years with the Gulf Oil Corporation working in the areas of hydrotreating, catalytic reforming, and fluid catalytic cracking technical service.  Bob is a leading independent consultant in the field of fluid catalytic cracking and has presented numerous technical seminars on this subject throughout the world.  He holds B.S. and M.S. degrees in Chemical Engineering from the University of Pittsburgh.


Warren S. Letzsch is an independent consultant with an extensive FCC background.  His prior employment was with Stone & Webster, Inc., a Shaw Group Company, where he was responsible for FCC/DCC technology and business development and with Refining Process Services where he was involved in licensing of the MagnaCat® Process.  He was also Director of Worldwide Sales and Marketing for UOP/Katalistiks.  He has had experience with Total Petroleum as Manager of Refining Technology and with Davison Chemical and Shell Chemical in research, marketing, and technical support of petroleum catalysts.  Warren has authored numerous articles on refining technology and holds seven patents in the FCC area. He holds B.S. and M.S. degrees in Chemical Engineering from the Illinois Institute of Technology.


Jack R. Wilcox is a Senior Technical Consultant with Albemarle Corporation.  He has over 35 years experience in the petroleum refining industry, specializing in the areas of fluid catalytic cracking and alkylation.  Prior to his employment with Albemarle, Jack was an independent consultant.  Earlier in his career he was employed for 10 years with Refining Process Services as VP of Catalytic Cracking Services, and for 8 years as Technical Service and Process Manager for AKZO Catalysts.  Prior to AKZO, he spent 20 years with UOP, involved primarily with FCC unit design, start-up operations, and technical service.  Jack holds a B.S. degree in Chemical Engineering from the University of Illinois and is a licensed professional engineer.

Calendar of Seminars

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11/09/2021 - 11/12/2021
Crude Oil Distillation
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